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Publications


Books


Electrical Trauma: The Pathophysiology, Manifestations, and Clinical Management. Lee, R.C., Burke, J.F. and Cravalho, E.G., Eds., Cambridge University Press, 1992

Advances in Wound Healing and Tissue Repair. (Master Series in Surgery, Vol. 4) Lee, Mustoe and Siebert, Volume Eds.; Andersen, Series Ed., World Medical Press, Inc., 1993

Electrical Injury: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Prevention, Therapy & Rehabilitation. Lee, R.C., Capelli-Schellpfeffer, M., and Kelley, K.M., Eds., New York Acad. of Science., Vol. 720, 1994

Occupational Electrical Injury and Safety. Chen, C.-T., Lee, R.C., Shih, J.-X., and Zhong, M.-H. Eds., Annals of the New York Acad. of Science, Vol. 888, 1999

Cell Injury: Mechanisms, Responses and Repair. Lee, RC., Despa, F., Hamann, KT. Annals of the New York Acad. of Science, Vol. 1066, 2006


PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL ARTICLES


Lee, R.C. and Kolodney, M.S. Electrical Injury Mechanisms: Dynamics of The Thermal Response. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 80(5):663-671, 1987

Lee, R.C. and Kolodney, M.S. Electrical Injury Mechanisms: Electrical Breakdown of Cell Membranes. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 80(5):672-679, 1987

Gaylor, D.C., Prakah-Asante, K. and Lee, R.C. Significance of Cell Size and Tissue Structure in Electrical Trauma. J. Theor. Biol. 133:223-237, 1988

Chen, W. and Lee, R.C. Evidence for Electrical Shock Induced Conformational Damage of Voltage-gated Ion Channels. Electrical Injury: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Prevention, Therapy & Rehabilitation. Lee, R.C., Capelli-Schellpfeffer, M., and Kelley, K.M., eds. Annals New York Academy of Science, Vol. 720, pp. 124-135, 1994

Mankani, M., Abramov, G., Boddie, A., and Lee, R.C. Detection of Peripheral Nerve Injury in Electrical Shock Patients. Annals New York Academy of Science, Vol. 720, pp. 206-212, 1994

Lee, R.C., Canaday, D.J. and Hammer, S.M. Transient and Stable Ionic Permeabilization of Isolated Skeletal Muscle Cells after Electric Shock. J. Burn Care & Rehab. 14(5):528-540, 1993

Chen, W. and Lee, R.C. Altered Ion Channel Conductance and Ionic Selectivity Induced by Large Imposed Membrane Potential Pulse. Biophys.ical J. 67(2): 603-612, 1994

Kelley, K.M., Pliskin, N., Meyer, G., and Lee, R.C. Neuropsychiatric Aspects of Electrical Injury: The Nature of Psychiatric Disturbance. Electrical Injury: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Prevention, Therapy & Rehabilitation. Lee, R.C., Capelli-Schellpfeffer, M., and Kelley, K.M., eds., Annals of the New York Academy of Science, Vol. 720, 213-218, 1994

Lee, R.C., Russo, G., and Kicska, G. Kinetics of Heating in Electrical Shock. Electrical Injury: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Prevention, Therapy & Rehabilitation. Annals of the New York Academy of Science, Vol. 720, pp. 56-64, 1994

Lee, R.C., Aarsvold, J.N., Chen, W., Astumian, R.D., Capelli-Schellpfeffer, M., Kelley, K.M., and Pliskin, N.H. Biophysical Mechanisms of Cell Membrane Damage in Electrical Shock. Seminars in Neurology 15(4):367-374, 1995

Chen, W., and Lee, R.C. Electrical Field-Induced Reduction of K+ Channel Mainly Resulted from Supramembrane Potential-Mediated Electroconformational Changes. Biophys. J. 75: 196 - 206, 1998

Block, T.A., Aarsvold, J.N., Matthews, K.L., Mintzer, R.A., River, L.P., Capelli-Schellpfeffer, M., Wollmann, R.L., Tripathi, S., Chen, C.-T., and Lee, R.C. Non-thermally Mediated Muscle Injury and Necrosis in Electrical Trauma. J. Burn Care and Rehab. 16(6):581-588, 1995

Wilbourn AJ. Peripheral Nerve Disorders in Electrial and Lightning Injuries. Seminars in Neurology 15(3): 241-256, 1995

Abramov, G., Bier, M., Capelli-Schellpfeffer, M., and Lee, R.C. Alteration in Sensory Nerve Function Following Electrical Shock. Burns J., 22(8):602-606; 1996

Lee, R.C., and Astumian, R.D. The Physicochemical Basis for Thermal and Non-thermal "Burn" Injury. Burns J. 22(7): 509-519; 1996

Capelli-Schellpfeffer, M., Lee, R.C., Toner, M., Diller, K.R. Correlation Between Electrical Accident Parameters and Injury. IEEE /PCIC Transactions, September 1998

Pliskin, N.H., Fink, J., Malina, A., Moran, S., Kelley, K., Capelli-Schellpfeffer, M., and Lee, R.C. The Neuropsychological Effects of Electrical Injury: New Insights. Annals N. Y. Academy of Science, Vol. 888, 140-149, 1999

Kelley, K.M., Tkachenko, T.A., Pliskin, N.H., Fink, J.W., and Lee, R.C. Life After Electrical Injury: Risk for Psychiatric Sequelae. Annals of the New York Academy of Science, Vol. 888, pp. 356-363, 1999

Chico, M., Capelli-Schellpfeffer, M., Kelley, K.M., and Lee, R.C. Management and Coordination of Postacute Medical Care for Electrical Trauma Survivors. Annals of the New York Academy of Science, Vol. 888, pp. 334-342, 1999

Capelli-Schellpfeffer M, Kalina C, Toney M, Mitchell JH, Lee RC. Partnerships for electrical safety. IEEE Ind Applications 7(3):17-22, 2001

Bier, M., Gowrishankar, T.R., Chen, W., and Lee, R.C. Electoporation of a Lipid Bilayer as a Chemical Reaction. Bioelectromagnetics 25:624-637, 2004

Lee, R.C., Gaylor, D.C., Prakah-Asante, K., Bhatt D. and Israel, D.A. "Role of Cell Membrane Rupture in the Pathogenesis of Electrical Trauma" J. Surg. Res. 44(6):709-719, 1988

Bhatt, D.L., Gaylor, D.C. and Lee, R.C. "Rhabdomyolysis Due to Pulsed Electric Fields" Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 86(1):1-11; 1990

Zachary, L.S., Gottlieb, L.J. and Lee, R.C. "Evolving Clinical and Scientific Concepts of Upper Extremity Electrical Trauma" Hand Clinics of North America 6(2):243-252, 1990

Lee, R.C., Gottlieb, L.J., Krizek, T.J. "Pathophysiology and Clinical Manifestations of Tissue Injury in Electrical Trauma" Adv. in Plast. Surg. 8:1-28; 1992

Tropea, B.I. and Lee, R.C. "Thermal Injury Kinetics in Electrical Trauma" J. Biomech. Engr. 114:2:241- 250, 1992

Lee, R.C., and Parsons, R.W. "Confusion in Electrical Trauma Terminology" Plast. Reconstr. Surg., 89:6:1020-1021, 1992

Lee, R.C., Pan, Fu-S., River, L.P., Li Ji and Wollmann, R.L. "Surfactant-Induced Sealing of Electropermeabilized Skeletal Muscle Membranes In Vivo" Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 89(10):4524-4528, 1992

Mankani, M. and Lee, R.C. "Limitations of Skin Cooling to Reduce Muscle Damage from Electrical Shock" HTD - Topics in Heat Transfer 206(2):15-18, 1992

Lee and D. Rudall. "Injury Mechanisms and Therapeutic Advances in the Study of Electrical Shock." in Innovations in Biomedical Engineering in the Year of the European Unified Market Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Press 92CH3207-8), 1992, 14(7): 2825-2827

Andrews, CJ, Cooper MA, Eds. Lightning injuries: electrical, medical and legal aspects. Boca Raton, CRC Press, 1992

Lee, R.C., Kicska, G. and Mankani, M.H. "A Three-Dimensional Computerized Burn Chart - Stage 1: Development of 3-D Renderings" J. Burn Care and Rehab. 15(1): 80-83, 1994

Mankani, M.H., Kicska, G., and Lee, R.C. "A Three-Dimensional Computerized Burn Chart - Stage II: Assessment of Accuracy" J. Burn Care and Rehab. 15(2): 191-193, 1994

Chen, W. and Lee, R.C. "An Improved Double Vaseline Gap Voltage Clamp to Study Electroporated Skeletal Muscle Fibers" Biophys. J. 66:700-709, 1994

Cho, M.R., Thatte, H.S., Lee, R.C. and Golan, D.E. "Induced Redistribution of Cell Surface Receptors by the Alternating Current Electric Fields" FASEB J. 8(10): 771-776, 1994

Chen, W. and Lee, R.C. "Electro-mediated permeabilization of frog skeletal muscle cell membrane: effect of voltage-gated ion channels" Bioelectrochemistry and Bioenergetics. 34(2):157-167, 1994

Lee, R.C., Myerov, A., and Maloney, C.P. "Promising Therapy for Cell Membrane Damage" in Electrical Injury: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Prevention, Therapy & Rehabilitation, Lee, R.C., Capelli-Schellpfeffer, M., and Kelley, K.M., eds. Annals of the New York Academy of Science, Vol. 720, pp. 239-245, 1994

Canaday, D., Li, P., Weichselbaum, R., Astumian, D., and Lee, R.C. "Membrane Permeability Changes in Gamma-Irradiated Muscle Cells., Annals NY Academy of Science, Vol. 720, pp. 153-159, 1994

Padanilam, J.T., Bischof, J.C., Lee, R.C., Cravalho, E.G., Tomkins, R.G., Yarmush, M.L., and Toner, M. "Effectiveness of Poloxamer 188 in Arresting Calcein Leakage From Thermally Damaged Isolated Skeletal Muscle Cells" in Electrical Injury: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Prevention, Therapy & Rehabilitation. Lee, R.C., Capelli-Schellpfeffer, M., and Kelley, K.M., eds., Annals of the New York Academy of Science, Vol. 720, pp. 111-123, 1994

Pliskin, N.H., Meyer, G.J., Dolske, M.C., Heilbronner, R.L., Kelley, K.M., and Lee, R.C. "Neuropsychiatric Aspects of Electrical Injury: A Review of Neuropsychological Research", Annals of the New York Academy of Science, Vol. 720, pp. 219-223, 1994

Chen, C.-T., Aarsvold, J.N., Block, T.A., Matthews, K.L., Mintzer, R.A., Mukherjee, J., Yasillo, N.J., River, L.P., Cooper, M., and Lee, R.C. "Radionuclide Probes for Tissue Damage", Annals of the New York Academy of Science, Vol. 720, pp. 181-191, 1994

Karczmar, G.S., River, L.P., River, J., Kovar, D., Lewis, M.Z., Lee, R.C., and Lipton, M.J. "Prospects for Assessment of the Effects of Electrical Injury by Magnetic Resonance" , Annals of the New York Academy of Science, Vol. 720, pp. 176-180, 1994

Russo, G., Kicska, G., and Lee, R.C. "Effectiveness of Surface Cooling in Reducing Heat Injury. 3-D, Finite-Element Model of the Arm" , Annals NY Academy of Science, Vol. 720, pp. 79-91, 1994

Lee RC, Capelli-Schellpfeffer M, Kelley KM, Eds. Electrical injury: A multidisciplinary approach to therapy, prevention and rehabilitation. Annals NYAS Vol. 720; 1994

Bischof, J.C., Padanilam, J., Holmes, W.H., Ezzell, R.M., Lee, R.C., Tompkins, R.G., Yarmush, M.L., and Toner, M. "Dynamics of Cell Membrane Permeability Changes at Supraphysiological Temperatures" Biophysical J. 68 (8):2608-2614; 1995

Gowrishankar, T.R., Chen, W., and Lee, R.C. "Characterization of Non-Linear Electrical Behavior of Lipid Bilayer of Cell Membranes" in Basic & Applied Biomedical Engineering. Building Blocks for Health Care, IEEE Press, 17(1):313-314, 1995

Capelli-Schellpfeffer, M., Toner, M., Lee, R.C., and Astumian, R.D. "Advances in the Evaluation and Treatment of Electrical and Thermal Injury Emergencies" , IEEE Trans. Ind. Applications 31(5):1147-1152, 1995

Cho, M.R., Thatte, H.S., Lee, R.C., and Golan, D.E. "Reorganization of Microfilament Structure Induced by AC Electric Fields" FASEB J. 10:1552-1558; 1996

Holian, O., Astumian, R.D., Lee, R.C., Reyes, H.M., Attar, B.M., and Walter, R.J. "Alterations in PKC Activity After Exposure of HL-60 Cells to 60 Hz AC Electric Fields” Bioelectromagnetics 17:504-509, 1996

Tinnin, T., O’Connor, A.M., Tuch, D, Brownlee, W. and Lee, R.C. “Assessment of 3D Computerized Wound Fractional Surface Area Calculations for Burn Size Estimation.” Surgical Forum, Volume XLVIII: 738-741, 1997

Lee RC. Electrical Trauma: Pathophysiology, Manifestations and Therapy. Current Problems in Surgery 34(9), 1997

Palmer, J.S., Cromie, W.J and Lee, R.C. “Surfactant Administration Reduces Testicular Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury” J. Urology 159(6): 2136-2139, June, 1998

Pliskin, N.H., Capelli-Schellpfeffer, M., Law, R., Malina, A.C., Kelley, K.M., and Lee, R.C., “Neuropsychological Symptom Presentation Following Electrical Injury” J. Trauma 44(4): 709-715, 1998

Tuch, D.S. and Lee, R.C. “Three-Dimensional Wound Surface Area Calculations with a CAD Surface Element Model”. IEEE Trans. on Biomedical Engr. 45(11):1397-1400, 1998

Chen, W., Han, Y., Chen, Y. and Lee, R.C. “Supramembrane Potential induced Electroconformational Changes in Voltage-gated Na Channels in Electrical Injury”, Bioelectricity and Magnetism 1997, San Francisco Press, 1998

Gowrishankar, T.R., Chen, W., and Lee, R.C. “Non-Linear Microscale Alterations in Membrane Transport by Electropermeabilization.” in Biotransport: Heat and Mass Transfer in Living Systems,. Diller, K.R. ed., New York Academy of Science, 858: 205-216, 1998

Bier, M, Hammer, S.M., Canaday, D.J. and Lee, R.C. "Kinetics of Sealing for Transient Electropores in Isolated Mammalian Skeletal Muscle Cells" Bioelectromagnetics 20:194-201, 1999

Lee, R.C., Hannig, J., Matthews, K., Myerov, A., and Chen, C.-T. “Pharmaceutical Therapies for Sealing of Permeabilized Cell Membranes in Electrical Injuries.” In Occupational Electrical Injury and Safety, Chen, C-T., Lee, R.C., Shih J.-X., and Zhong M.-H., Eds., Ann. New York Acad. Sci., Vol. 888, pp. 266-273, 1999

Gowrishankar, T.R., Pliquett, U., and Lee, R.C. “Dynamics of Membrane Sealing in Transient Electropermeabilization of Skeletal Mucsle Membranes.” Annals of the New York Academy of Science, Vol. 888, pp. 195-210, 1999

Dougherty WR and Lee RC "Static Electric Field interaction with tissues" a short communication in Plast Reconstr Surg 104: (7) 2329-2330 DEC 1999

Matthews, K.L., Aarsvold, J.N., Mintzer, R.A., Chen, C-T, Capelli-Schellpfeffer, M., Cooper, M., and Lee, R.C. "Radiotracers for Imaging Electroporation", Annals of the New York Academy of Science, Vol. 888, pp. 285-299, 1999

DeBono, R. A histological analysis of a high voltage electric current injury to an upper limb. Burns 25: 541-547, 1999

Hannig, J. and Lee, R.C. "Structural Changes in Cell Membranes after Ionizing Electromagnetic Field Exposure" . IEEE Trans. Plasma Physics, 28:97-101, 2000

Doong, H.D., Terry, M.A., LaBarbera, M.A., Bastrawous, A. and Lee, R.C. “Tamoxifen Promotes Actin Filament Depolymerization and Procollagenase Gene Expression in Human Dermal Fibroblasts” (under revision)

Dasgupta, RA, Schulz, JT, Lee , RC and Ryan, CM“ Severe Hypokalemia as a Cause of Acute Transient Paraplegia Following Electrical Shock” BURNS 28(6), 609-611, 2002

Curry DJ, Wright DA, Lee RC, Kang UJ, Frim DM. “Poloxamer 188 volumetrically decreases neuron loss in the rat in a time-dependent manner.” Neurosurg. 55(4):943-948, 2004

Frim, DM, Wright, DA, Curry, DJ, Cromie, WJ, Lee, RC, Kang, UJ “The surfactant poloxamer-188 protects against glutamate toxicity in the rat brain”. NeuroReport 15 :171-174, 2004

Curry DJ, Wright DA, Lee RC, Kang UJ, and Frim DM. “Surfactant poloxamer 188 decreases inflammation and tissue damage in experimental brain injury in the rat.” J. Neurosurg 101(1): 91-96 Supp. S, 2004

Despa, F, Orgill, DP, Neuwalder, J. and Lee RC “The Relative Thermal Stability of Tissue Macromolecules and Cellular Structure in Burn Injury” Burns 31(5): 568-77, 2005

Chen, W., Han, Y., Chen, Y. and Lee, R.C. “Supramembrane potential-induced electroconformational changes in sodium channel proteins: A potential mechanism involved in electrical injury burns”, Burns 32:52-59, 2006

Gissel, H., Despa, F., Collins, J., Mustafi, D., Rojahn, K., Karczmar, G.and Lee, RC., “Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Changes in Muscle Tissue after Membrane Trauma”. Annuals NYAS Vol.1006: 272-285, 2006

Matthews, K.L., Aarsvold, J.N., Mintzer, R.A., Chen, C-T, and Lee, R.C. " Tc-99m pyrophosphate imaging of poloxamer-treated electroporated skeletal muscle in an in vivo rat model", BURNS, 32(6):755-764, 2006

Lee, RC, Maloney, CP, Capelli-Schellpfeffer, M. and Gowrishankar, TR. “Multiblock copolymer surfactant induced sealing of membrane permeabilized myocytes.” J. Surg. Research. (submitted)

Kingsley, S., Rojahn, K., Carrillo, C.S., Hannig, J., Beckett, M.A., Weichselbaum, R.R. and Lee, R.C." Antioxidant enhances Poloxamer 188 Cytoprotection of Adult Skeletal Muscle Fibers after High-dose Irradiation". BURNS (submitted)

Ryan, CM and Lee RC "Intensive Care Implications of Electric Shock Injury” Intl. Journal of Critical Care Medicine : 2007

Dalal, N. and Lee, RC, “Treatment of Burn Injury by Cellular Repair" J. Craniofacial Surgery 19: 903-906, 2008

Orgill, DP, Manders EK, Sumpio MD, Lee RC, Attinger, CE, Gurtner, MD, and Ehrlich HP. “The Mechanisms of Action of Vacuum Assisted Closure – More to Learn” Surgery (2009 in press)

Despa F, Basati S, Zhang Z-D, D’Andrea J, Reilly, JP, Bodnar E, Lee RC. “Electromuscular Incapacitation results from Stimulation of Spinal Reflexes” Bioelectromagnetics 2009


PUBLISHED REVIEWS


Lee, R.C. Injury by Electrical Forces: Pathophysiology, Manifestations and Therapy. Current Problems in Surgery 34(9): 677-765, 1997

Danielson, J., Capelli, M., and Lee, R.C. Upper Extremity Electrical Injury. Hand Clinics 16: 225-234, 2000

Lee, RC, Jang, D.J. and Hannig, J. Biophysical Injury Mechanisms in Electrical Shock Trauma. in Annual Reviews of Biomedical Engineering, 2: 477-510, 2000

Bier M, Chen W, Bodnar E, Lee RC. Biophysical Injury Mechanisms Associated with Lightning Injury. NeuroRehabilitation. 20(1):53-62, 2005

Lee, RC. Cell Injury by Electric Forces. Annuals NYAS Vol.1006: 85-91, 2006

Lee, R.C. "Understanding Electrical Injury" IEEE/Engineering in Medicine and Biol. 5(4): 35, 1986

Lee, R.C. "The Electrical Burn.- Scientific Reappraisal and Search For Effective Therapy" - M.I.T. Laboratory for Electromagnetic and Electronic Systems Technical Report - May, 1987

Lee, R.C. "Electrical Injury: Understanding the Body's Response" IEEE/Engineering in Medicine and Biology 7(l): 39, 1988

Lee, R.C. and Gottlieb, L.J. "Early Adipofascial Flap Coverage of Deep Electrical Burn Wounds of Upper Extremities: Discussion" Plast. & Reconstr. Surg., 91(5): 826-827, 1993

Lee, R.C. "Tissue Injury From Exposure to Power Frequency Electrical Fields" in Advances in Electromagnetic Fields in Living Systems, Lin, J., ed., New York: Plenum Press, Vol. 1:81-127, 1994

Chato, J. and Lee, R.C., “The Future of Biothermal Engineering”, in Biotransport: Heat and Mass Transfer in Living Systems,. Diller, K.R. ed., New York Academy of Science, 858: 1-20, 1998

Lee, RC., Zhong, MH., Shih JX, Chen CT. "Occupational Electrical Injury - Preface" Annals of the New York Academy of Science, Vol. 888, pp. IX-XI, 1999

Dougherty, WR, and Lee, RC "Static Electric Field Interaction with Tissues” Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery104: (7) 2329-2330 DEC 1999

Lee, RC and Dougherty, W. “Electrical injury: Mechanisms, manifestations, and therapy” IEEE Trans Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation 10 (5): 810-819 OCT 2003

Lohman, RL and Lee, RC “Discussion: vacuum assisted closure: microdeformations of wounds and cell proliferation.” Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery Oct; 114(5):1097-8. 2004


TEXTBOOK CHAPTERS


Lee, R.C. Electrical Injuries in Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 15th Edition, Braunwald et al., eds. McGaw-Hill, New York 2001

Lee, R.C. "Biophysical Injury Mechanisms in Electrical Shock Victims," in Proceedings of the First International Conference on Power Distribution, Brazil, November 11-14, 1990

Gottlieb, L.J., Saunders, J., and Lee, R.C. "Electrical Trauma" in Principles of Critical Care Medicine, Hall, J.B., Schmidt, G.A., and Wood, L.D.H., McGraw Hill, 1991

Cravalho, E.G., Toner, M., Gaylor, D.C., and Lee, R.C. "Response of Cells to Supraphysiological Temperatures: Experimental Measurements and Kinetic Models" in Electrical Trauma: The Pathophysiology, Manifestations, and Clinical Management. Lee, R.C., Burke, J.F., and Cravalho, E.G., Eds., Cambridge University Press, 1992; pp. 281-300

Lee, R.C. "The Pathophysiology and Clinical Management of Electrical Injury" in Electrical Trauma: The Pathophysiology, Manifestations, and Clinical Management. Lee, R.C., Burke, J.F., and Cravalho, E.G., Eds., Cambridge University Press, 1992; pp. 33-79

Hunt, J.L. Soft tissue patterns in acute electric burns, In: Electrical Trauma: the Pathophysiology, Manifestations, and Clinical Management. R.C.Lee, E.G.Cravahlo, and J.F.Burke, eds. Cambridge University Press (1992)

Gaylor, DC, Bhatt DLand Lee, RC "Skeletal Muscle Cell Membrane Electrical Breakdown in Electrical Trauma" in Electrical Trauma: The Pathophysiology. Manifestations, and Clinical Management. Lee, R.C., Burke, J.F., and Cravalho, E.G., Eds., Cambridge University Press, 1992; pp.401-425

Tropea, B.I and Lee, RC. "Analysis of Heat Injury to the Upper Extremity of Electrical Shock Victims: A Theoretical Model" in Electrical Trauma: The Pathophysiology, Manifestations, and Clinical Management. Lee, R.C., Burke, J.F., and Cravalho, E.G., Eds., Cambridge University Press, 1992; pp. 254-278

Lee, RC and Prakah-Asante "Theory of Non-linear conduction in Cell Mdembranes under strong erlectric fields" in Electrical Trauma: The Pathophysiology. Manifestations, and Clinical Management. Lee, R.C., Burke, J.F., and Cravalho, E.G., Eds., Cambridge University Press, 1992; pp.426-434

Lee, R.C. and Tropea, B.I. "Heat Injury Dynamics in Electrical Shock Victims: A First-Order Kinetic Model" in Macroscopic and Microscopic Heat and Mass Transfer in Biomedical Engineering, Diller, K.R., & Shitzer, A. Eds., Elsevier Press, pp. 25-45, 1992

Padanilam, J.R., Bischoff, J.C., Lee, R.C., Cravalho, E.G., Tompkins, R.G., Yarmush, M.L. and Toner, M. "Effects of Supraphysiologic Temperatures on the Plasma Membrane of Isolated Skeletal Muscle Cells" in Advances in Bioheat and Mass Transfer: Microscale Analysis of Thermal Injury

Gottlieb, L.J., Brownlee, W., and Lee, R.C. "Electrical Trauma" in Principles of Critical Care Medicine, Hall, J.B., Schmidt, G.A., and Wood, L.D.H., eds. , McGraw Hill, 1997

Lee, R.C. and Capelli-Schellpfeffer, M. "Electrical and Lightning Injuries” in Current Surgical Therapy, J.L.Cameron, Ed., Mosby-Year Book, Inc., Philadelphia, 1998

Mankani, M. and Lee, R.C. “Electrical Injuries” in Plastic Surgery Secrets, Weinzweig, J., ed., Hanley & Belfus, Inc., Medical Publishers, Philadelphia, 1998

Capelli-Schellpfeffer, M. and Lee, R.C. "Electrical Shock” in Encyclopedia of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Webster, J.G., Ed., John Wiley and Sons, New York , 1998

Lee, R.C. and J. Hannig "Membrane Physiology and Biophysics" in Surgical Research, Wilmore and Souba, Eds., W.B. Saunders, 2001 Philadelphia

Lee, RC and Grevious, ML "Physicochemical Injuries" in Basic Science for Surgical Specialists, L. Argenta, Ed., W.B. Saunders, 2002

Gottlieb, L.J., and Lee, R.C. "Electrical Trauma" in Principles of Critical Care Medicine, Hall, Schmidt and Wood eds. , McGraw Hill, 2004

Lee, R.C., Bodnar, E.N. and Rojahn, K.E. “Diagnosis and Management of Electrical Injury” Weiner’s Pain Management: A Practical Guide for Clinicians, Boswell and Cole, Eds. Taylor and Francis 2005 Boca Raton, Florida

Lee, RC, Bodnar, EN, Betala, P. and Blom-Eberwein, S. “ Electrical Shock Trauma” in Vol. II, Handbook of Biological Effects of Electromagnetic Fields. 3rd Edition, CRC Press, Taylor and Francis, 2006, Boca Raton, Florida

Lee, R.C. “Electrical and Lighting Injuries” Acute Care Surgery: Principles and Practice, edited by Britt, Trunkey, and Feliciano, 2005 Springer, New York, New York

Mankani, M. and Lee, R.C. “Electrical Injuries” in Plastic Surgery Secrets, 2nd Ed, Weinzweig, J., ed., Hanley & Belfus, Inc., Medical Publishers, Philadelphia, 2006.


PUBLISHED ABSTRACTS


Lee, R.C., Gaylor, D.C., Prakah-Asante, K., Bhatt, D. and Israel, D.A. "Skeletal Muscle Cell Rupture By Pulsed Electric Fields" in Proceedings of Ninth Annual Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, IEEE Press (87CH2513-0), Piscataway, NJ, 9:712-714, 1987

Lee, R.C. "Biophysical Injury Mechanisms in Electrical Shock Victims" in Proceedings of the 12th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society IEEE Press, Piscataway, NJ, 12(4):1502-1504, 1990

Toner, M., Cravalho, E.G., Gaylor, D.C. and Lee, R.C. "Cellular Mechanisms of Thermal Injury in Electrical Trauma" in Proceedings of the 12th International Conf, IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society IEEE Press, Piscataway, NJ, 12(4):1505-1506, 1990

Toner, M., Cravalho, E.G. and Lee, R.C. "Electric Field Induced Rupture of Membranes" in Proceedings of the 12th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society IEEE Press, Piscataway, NJ, 12(4):1507-1508, 1990

Canaday, D.J. and Lee, R.C. "Magnesium Ion Influx Measurement in Skeletal Muscle Cell Electroporation" J. Cell Biol. 111(5):431a, 1990

River, L.P., Lee, R.C. and Pan, F-S. "Evidence for Electroporation Mediated Cellular Injury In Vivo" in New Frontiers of Biomedical Engineering: Innovations from Nuclear to Space Technology IEEE Press Piscataway, NJ (91CH3068-4), 13(2):1008-1009; 1991

Gowrishankar, T.R., Patel, P.K., Lee, R.C. and Golan, D.E. "The Cell Surface Receptor Transport in A.C. Electric Fields is Cell Shape Dependent" Biophys. J. 59(2), 1991

Doong, J.Y.H., Huang, D. and Lee, R.C. "The Dynamic Study of Efficiency of Cross-Linking in a Uniaxially Oriented Reconstituted Collagen Matrix" Anatomical Record 229(4):22a, 1991

Chen, W., Li, P. and Lee, R.C. "Efficacy of Non-Ionic Surfactants for Sealing Electropermeabilized Skeletal Muscle Fibers" Biophys. J. 61(2), 1992

Lee, R.C., Gowrishankar, T.R., Basch, R.M., Patel, P.K. and Golan, D.E. "Cell Shape Dependent Rectification of Surface Receptor Transport in Sinusoidal Electric Fields" Biophys. J. 64(1): 44-57, 1993

Chen, W. and Lee, R.C. "The Magnitude and Kinetics of Voltage-Dependent Na+ and K+ Channel Currents on Skeletal Muscle Membrane Affected by Exposure to a High-Intentity Electric Field" Biophys. J. 64(2): A97, 1993

Chen, W. and Lee, R.C. "Electro-permeabilization of Skeletal Muscle Cell Membrane: Effect of Voltage-Gated Protein Channels" , 11th International Biophysics Congress - Budapest, Hungary - July, 1993

Gowrishankar, T.R., Lee, R.C. “Cell Length Dependent Rectification of Surface Receptor Transport in Sinusoidal Electric Fields.” Biophys. J, 64(2), A83, 1993

Bares, K.K., Pliskin, N.H., Heilbronner, R.L., Primeau, M., Meyer, G.J., Kelley, K.M. and Lee, R.C. "Nature of Memory Deficits in Electrical Injury Patients" Proc. of Intl. Neuropsychological Society 84, 1994

Chen, W. and Lee, R.C. "Differential Effects of High Intensity Electrical Field on Voltage-Gated Na and K Channels" Biophys. J. 66(2): A440, 1994

Lee, R.C. and Maloney, C.P. "Surfactant-Induced Sealing of Membranes Permeabilized by Electrical Shock" Intensive Care Medicine 20(1):S80, 1994

Lee, R.C., Holian, O., Astumian, R.D., Reyes, H.M., Attar, B.M. and Walter, R.J. "Effects of Weak 60 Hz AC Electric Fields on Signal Transduction Kinases" Molecular Biology of the Cell, Vol 5:152a, 1994

Matthews, K.L. II, Block, T.A., Aarsvold, J.M., Lee, R.C., Chen, C.-T., Mintzer, R.A., Capelli-Schellpfeffer, M., Tripathi, S.C. "Assessment of tissue damage induced by electrical shock using a miniature gamma camera" Med Phys 21:932, 1994

Gowrishankar, T.R., Lee, R.C. and Chen, C.-T. "3-D Reconstruction of a Skeletal Muscle Cell from Optical Sections" Proceedings SPIE Int. Conf. Biomedical Image Proc. Jan. 1993

Lee, R.C., Maloney, C.P., Capelli-Schellpfeffer, M. and Gowrishankar, T.R. "Surfactant-induced Sealing of Membranes Permeabilized by Electrical Shock" in Proceedings III Intl. Conf. on Immune Consequences of Trauma Shock and Sepsis, Munich, 1994

Capelli-Schellpfeffer, M., Kelley, K.M., Pliskin, N., Lawler, M., Smith, J., Rupani, G., Abramov, G., Tinsley, E., Boddie, A., Hawe, L., Lisak, J., Ingratta, G., Aarsvold, J., Hlavaty, L., Law, R., Bares, K. and Lee, R.C. "Neurological and Psychological Sequelae of Electrical and Lightning Injury" in Proceedings of the Symposium Foudre et Montagne, Chamonix-Mont-Blanc, France; pp. 102-105, 1994

Lee R.C., Maloney, C.P., Block, T.A., Aarsvold J.N., Chen, C.-T., and Capelli-Schellpfeffer, M. "A fundamentally new approach to therapy for victims of electrical shock" in Engineering Advances: New Opportunities for Biomedical Engineers, 1994 IEEE

Gowrishankar, T.R. and Lee, R.C. "Surfactant induced sealing of porated cell membrane" Biophys. J. 8(2):A99, 1995

Aarsvold, J. N., Lee, R. C., Block, T. A., Matthews, K. L., Abramov, G., Beck, R. N., Capelli-Schellpfeffer, M., Chen, C.-T., Cooper, M., Mintzer, R. A., Ordonez, C. E., and Yasillo, N. J. "Technetium-99m Pyrophosphate Skeletal-Muscle Imaging for Assessment of Surfactant and Dextran Treatments of Non-thermal Electrical Injury" J. Nuclear Med., 36(5 suppl): 122p, 1995

Matthews, K.L. II, Lee, R. C., Aarsvold, J. N., Abramov, G., Block, T. A., Capelli-Schellpfeffer, M., Chen, C.-T., Keist, R. K. and Mintzer, R. A. "Tc-99m DTPA and Tc-99m PYP Imaging in the Assessment of Non-thermal Skeletal Muscle Injury Due to Electrical Shock" J. Nuclear Med., 36(5 suppl): 235p, 1995

Gowrishankar, T.R., Chen, W. and Lee, R.C., "Asymmetric Kinetics of Pore Opening and Closing in Electroporation" Biophys. J. 70(2); A334; 1996

Chen, W., Han Y. and Lee, R.C., "Effects of Supramembrane Potential on Charge Movement currents on Frog Skeletal Twitch Muscle Fibers" Biophys. J., 70(2); 1996

Palmer, J.S., Leff, A.R., Lee, R.C., Straus, F.H., and Cromie, W.J., "Testicular Ischemia is Inhibited by a Platelet Activating Factor Antagonist" FASEB J, 10(3) A647(3738); April, 1996

Lee, R.C., Capelli-Schellpfeffer, M. Progress in Electrical Injury Wound Imaging and Recording. Presented at EEI Fall Occupational Safety & Health Committee Conference, September 1996

Gowrishankar TR, Chen W, Lee RC. Asymmetric Kinetics of Pore Opening and Closing in Electroporation. Biophys J 70: (2) TU416-TU416 Part 2 FEB 1996

Bier M, Capelli-Schellpfeffer M, Lee RC. “Various mechanisms of injury in electrical trauma. “ Proceedings of the 18th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. `Bridging Disciplines for Biomedicine' (Cat. No.96CH36036). IEEE. Part vol.5, 1997, pp.2185-6 vol.5. New York, NY, USA

Gowrishankar, T.R., Chen, W., Bier, M., and Lee, R.C. “Threshold for structural alteration of cell membrane by superphusiologic electrical potentials.” JBCR January/February 1997, Volume 18 (1), Part 3. Proceedings of 29th ABA Annual Meeting: S125

Matthews KL II, Chen C-T, Aarsvold JN, Mintzer RA, Cooper M, Block TA, Capelli-Schellpfeffer M, Lee RC. “Current research in radiotracer imaging of electroporation injury.” Proceedings of the 18th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. `Bridging Disciplines for Biomedicine' . IEEE. Part vol.5, 1997, pp.2187-8 vol.5. New York, NY, USA

Stacy GS, Pliskin N, Capelli-Schellpfeffer M, Lee RC and Cooper, M. "Cerebral perfusion changes in electro-injury patients". Radiology 205: 560-560 Suppl. S Nov. 1997

Chen W, Lee RC. “Electro-mediated damages in the narrowest pore of the voltage-gated K channels on skeletal muscle membrane” 1995 IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology 17th Annual Conference and 21 Canadian Medical and Biological Engineering Conference. IEEE. Part vol.1, 1997, pp.355-6 vol.1. New York, NY, USA

Gowrishankar TR, Chen W, Lee RC. “Characterization of non-linear electrical behavior of lipid bilayer of cell membranes.” 1995 IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology 17th Annual Conference and 21 Canadian Medical and Biological Engineering Conference. IEEE. Part vol.1, 1997, pp.313-14 vol.1. New York, NY, USA

Abramov, G., Bier, M., Hannig, J., Lee, R.C. “Therapeutic effect of Vitamin C on electroporation mediated muscle injury In Vivo.” 9.2.1-e in IEEE-EMBS 19th Annual International Conference Final Program & Abstract Book, Chicago, Oct. 1997

Abramov, G., Hannig, J., Capelli-Schellpfeffer, M., Lee, R.C. “Neuromuscular response to surfactant / antioxidant therapy following electrical injury.” JBCR January/February 1998, Volume 19 (1), Part 2. Proceedings of 30th ABA Annual Meeting: S140

Tinnin-Bobo, T., Boddie, A., O’Connor, A., Tuch, D., Abramov, G., Hannig, J., Lee, R.C. “Assessment of 3-D computerized total burn surface area calculations for burn size.” JBCR January/February 1998, Volume 19 (1), Part 2. Proceedings of 30th ABA Annual Meeting: S202

Marks, J.D., Cromie, W., Lee, R.C. “Nonionic surfactant prevents NMDA-induced neuronal death in cultured hippocampal neurons.” Soc Neurosci. Abs. 24(1):462

Kelley, K.M., Tkachenko, T.A., Pliskin, N.H., Fink, J.W., Lee, R.C. “Risk factors for psychiatric sequelae post electrical injury.” JBCR January/February 1999, Volume 20 (1). Proceedings of 31th ABA Annual Meeting

Hannig, J., Kovar, D.A., Abramov, G.S., Lewis, M.Z., Karczmar, G.S., Lee, R.C. “Contrast enhanced MRI of electroporation injury.” JBCR January/February 1999, Volume 20 (1). Proceedings of 31th ABA Annual Meeting

Lee RC, Abramov GS, Wollmann RL, Hannig J. “Histological manifestations of muscle electroporation injury.” Proceedings of the First Joint BMES/EMBS Conference. 1999 IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology 21st Annual Conference and the 1999 Annual Fall Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society. IEEE. Part vol.2, 1999, pp.1288 vol.2. Piscataway, NJ, USA

Lee RC, Gaylor DC, Tropea BI, Hannig J. “Thermal and electrical injury rate kinetics in shock victims.” Proceedings of the First Joint BMES/EMBS Conference. 1999 IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology 21st Annual Conference and the 1999 Annual Fall Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society. IEEE. Part vol.2, 1999, pp.1280 vol.2. Piscataway, NJ, USA

Marks JD, Lee RC, Busbell T “An amphiphilic tri-block copolymer prevents NMDA-induced neuronal death in vitro: Membrane-targeted approaches to neuroprotection “ PEDIATR RES 47: (4) 462A-462A Part 2 Suppl. S APR 2000

Chin-Tu Chen, Matthews K II, Aarsvold JN, Mintzer RA, Yasillo NJ, Hannig J, Capelli-Schellpfefer M, Cooper M, Lee RC. “Physiological imaging of electrical trauma and therapeutic responses.” SPIE-Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. Proceedings of SPIE - the International Society for Optical Engineering, vol.3978, 2000, pp.331-5. USA

Hannig J, Greenebaum B, Carrillo CS, Lee RC. “Surfactant/antioxidant/ATP therapy after high-dose irradiation of isolated skeletal muscle cells.” Proceedings of the 22nd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (Cat. No.00CH37143). IEEE. Part vol.3, 2000, pp.2093 vol.3. Piscataway, NJ, USA

Lee, C.K., Djohan, R., Waggoner, S., Rotmensch, J. and Lee, R.C. “A New Obturator Artery Based Medial Thigh Flap for Perineal and Vaginal Reconstruction.” page: 1106-1109, Proceedings of the American Society for Plastic Surgery, Orlando, Florida, 2001

172. Hannig J, Block TA, Matthews KL II, Chin-Tu Chen, Lee RC. “Surfactant therapy after electroporation mediated muscle injury in vivo.” Proceedings of the 22nd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE., pp.1983 vol.3. Piscataway, NJ, USA. 2000

Lee KYC, Maskarinec S, Hannig J, Lee R. “Membrane Sealing by Poloxamer P188” Amer. Chemical Society 222: U345-U345 33-PMSE Part 2, AUG 2001

Maskarinee SA, Hannig J, Lee RC, Lee KYC “Comparative study of poloxamer insertion into lipid monolayers” Biophysical J. J 82 (1): 805 Part 2 Jan 2002

Ramati A, Ammar A, Fink J, Kelley K, Lee R, Pliskin N. “The relationships between components of PTSD symptomatology and cognitive functioning in electrical injury survivors.” Arch. Clin. Neuropsych. 19 (7): 956-956 NOV 2004

Dalal, N., Zhang-Z., and Lee RC. “The effect of a copolymer surfactant on nerve degeneration after crush injury” Journal American College of Surgeons 2008 (abstract suppl.)

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